The Gateway to Hell – Hydro Carbons


Today more than 85 per cent of India’s domestic demand of oil and gas is met through imports. A 2014 Goldman Sachs report said, “India has a fifth of the world’s population, but only a 30th of its energy.”

India and Energy consumption in Numbers:

  • 3rd largest consumer of energy in the world after China and USA
  • About 70% of India’s electricity generation capacity is from fossil fuels
  • Accounting for 18% of the rise in global energy consumption, India has one of the world’s fastest growing energy markets and is expected to be the second-largest contributor to the increase in global energy demand by 2035
  • World’s 5th largest wind power market
  • 3rd highest in the world in construction of nuclear reactors (five nuclear reactors under construction) and plans to construct 18 additional nuclear reactors (second highest in the world) by 2025. 
Resource Percentage(%) in 2015
Coal 58.13
Crude Oil 27.91
Natural Gas 6.5
Hydo Electricity 4.01
Renewable Power 2.21
Nuclear Power 1.23

Major concerns in current method of energy generation:

As seen above India is largely dependent on coal and crude oil, where both being non-renewable sources of energy, it is almost impossible to continue its consumption at the current pace. And it is well known both these sources of energy are some of the major pollutants. 

Solution? Find an alternate energy.

Here comes the role of one of the major source of energy, natural gas which is also a form of hydrocarbon.

Energy from Hydrocarbons:

First up, what are hydrocarbons? CnH2n+2 or simply hydrocarbons are found in abundance on earth naturally occur in crude oil, where decomposed organic matter provides an abundance of carbon and hydrogen which, when bonded, can form seemingly limitless chains.

If you still didn’t get it, let me make it simple. All energy India is majorly dependent upon namely crude oil and coal are forms of hydrocarbons. The third major form omethane-3d-ballsf this is the natural gas.

More commonly in the form of Methane, it is a form of shale gas, which is present in between soft, fine grained sedimentary rocks under the earth’s crust. As this energy is available in plenty and remains untapped, India has been finding necessary methods and technology for drilling it out and to make efficient use of it.

These hydrocarbon rich deposits occur at times at depths of one km below the sea and in locations where the temperature is just right about 5-6 degrees Celsius. The enormous pressure at such depths forces the methane to solidify and it occurs intermixed with the soil and sand.

Extraction of Hydrocarbons

So, What’s our Government’s take on this?

In 2015, an Indo-Japanese expedition on board a world-class ship called Chikyu has again reinforced the huge potential of this energy rich deposit. In the 150 day, cruise of Chikyu that cost about Rs 616 crore exploratory drilling was done in the Bay of Bengal to map the hidden hydrocarbon resource.

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on 15 February gave its approval to award contract in 31 areas to 44 fields, including 28 on-land and 16 offshore fields discovered by Oil and Natural Gas Corp. (ONGC) and Oil India Ltd (OIL). The government has awarded contracts for the project to private firms.

The new projects have been planned to be carried out on the North Western parts of India and the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.

On my next post I will meet you all with an issue that has been troubling the Southern states of India, but has got negligible or no attention from the Nation or the Government, both State and Center.

Hydrocarbon Vs Ink

Leave your comments below on your take over India’s future plans on energy consumption. Do you wish any alternative source of energy? If so please let us know, and let us discuss over it.



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